The third-party apps Twitter simply killed made the location what it’s right this moment

The age of nice third-party Twitter purchasers could also be over. After Twitter cut off their API access and changed its rules to bar apps that compete with its personal, The Iconfactory has introduced that it’s discontinuing Twitterific, Fenix has been pulled from app stores, and Tapbots has posted a memorial for Tweetbot. It’s a loss for all of the individuals who used the apps and, virtually definitely, a loss for Twitter itself.

As many individuals have identified over the previous week, third-party purchasers helped make Twitter the platform it’s right this moment, innovating elements of Twitter we take as a right and, within the early days, serving to type the corporate’s very id. They’ve additionally acted as a protected haven from undesirable adjustments, serving to to maintain individuals tweeting after they have been prepared to surrender on the platform.

Screenshot of the Twitterific bird logo from 2007.Screenshot of the Twitterific bird logo from 2007.
a:hover]:text-black text-gray-13 darkish:text-gray-e9 darkish:[&>a:hover]:text-gray-e9 [&>a]:shadow-underline-gray-13 [&>a:hover]:shadow-underline-black darkish:[&>a]:shadow-underline-gray-63 darkish:[&>a:hover]:shadow-underline-gray-63″>Twitter didn’t put a chook in its brand until 2010. Right here’s a screenshot from Twitterific’s website in 2007, with the chook explaining methods to set up the Mac app. The iPhone’s App Retailer wouldn’t come alongside till over a yr later.
a:hover]:text-gray-63 text-gray-63 darkish:[&>a:hover]:text-gray-bd darkish:text-gray-bd darkish:[&>a]:text-gray-bd [&>a]:shadow-underline-gray-63 [&>a:hover]:shadow-underline-black darkish:[&>a]:shadow-underline-gray darkish:[&>a:hover]:shadow-underline-gray”>Picture: The Iconfactory

Take, for instance, that phrase I simply used — tweeting. The concept a “tweet” could be what we name a Twitter publish didn’t really come from the corporate itself, in response to a blog post from Twitterific developer Craig Hockenberry. As an alternative, it was instructed by Blaine Prepare dinner, a QA tester for The Iconfactory’s third-party shopper, and instantly adopted. It wasn’t till not less than a yr later that Twitter the corporate began utilizing the phrase too. (Initially, Twitter most well-liked “twittering.”) Twitterific additionally led the way in which in using a bird logo.

Third-party apps have had an enormous impression on how we use smartphone apps on the whole, not simply Twitter. A shopper referred to as Tweetie is broadly credited for inventing the pull-to-refresh interplay that’s develop into virtually ubiquitous all through iOS and Android for refreshing all types of feeds. Even in case you haven’t heard of Tweetie earlier than, you will have used it; in 2010, Twitter acquired it and made it the official iPhone client. In 2015, the corporate additionally employed a developer of a special third-party shopper to improve its Android app.

Screenshot of Tweetie 2 compared to Twitter for iPhone.Screenshot of Tweetie 2 compared to Twitter for iPhone.

a:hover]:text-black text-gray-13 darkish:text-gray-e9 darkish:[&>a:hover]:text-gray-e9 [&>a]:shadow-underline-gray-13 [&>a:hover]:shadow-underline-black darkish:[&>a]:shadow-underline-gray-63 darkish:[&>a:hover]:shadow-underline-gray-63″>Left: Tweetie 2 in 2010. Proper: Twitter for iPhone in 2011.
a:hover]:text-gray-63 text-gray-63 darkish:[&>a:hover]:text-gray-bd darkish:text-gray-bd darkish:[&>a]:text-gray-bd [&>a]:shadow-underline-gray-63 [&>a:hover]:shadow-underline-black darkish:[&>a]:shadow-underline-gray darkish:[&>a:hover]:shadow-underline-gray”>Photographs: Tweetie / Twitter by way of The Wayback Machine

It’s additionally not the one time Twitter acquired a preferred third-party shopper outright. TweetDeck, part of The Verge’s newsroom to at the present time, was an impartial app for years till the company bought it.

Third-party shopper customers, who numbered in the millions in 2018, typically loved options years earlier than they got here to the official app. Echofon added the ability to mute undesirable customers and hashtags in 2011, a characteristic the official variations didn’t get until 2014.

Screenshot of the Echofon Twitter app displaying the timeline view.Screenshot of the Echofon Twitter app displaying the timeline view.

a:hover]:text-black text-gray-13 darkish:text-gray-e9 darkish:[&>a:hover]:text-gray-e9 [&>a]:shadow-underline-gray-13 [&>a:hover]:shadow-underline-black darkish:[&>a]:shadow-underline-gray-63 darkish:[&>a:hover]:shadow-underline-gray-63″>An Echofon screenshot from 2011.
a:hover]:text-gray-63 text-gray-63 darkish:[&>a:hover]:text-gray-bd darkish:text-gray-bd darkish:[&>a]:text-gray-bd [&>a]:shadow-underline-gray-63 [&>a:hover]:shadow-underline-black darkish:[&>a]:shadow-underline-gray darkish:[&>a:hover]:shadow-underline-gray”>Screenshot: Echofon by way of The Wayback Machine

The apps have additionally acted as protected havens from Twitter’s adjustments; they didn’t have the flood of advisable and out-of-order tweets that the official app did, they usually gave us choices for utilizing a Twitter app for Macs after the official one was discontinued for a year. And, sure, individuals have used third-party purchasers to get an ad-free Twitter expertise, not as a result of they purposefully stripped out advertisements however as a result of Twitter didn’t serve them via the API. (Facet notice: it’s onerous to consider that Twitter couldn’t have made various apps serve advertisements if it wished or wanted to.)

At instances, Twitter has seemingly acknowledged the worth exterior builders added. “third social gathering purchasers have had a notable impression on the Twitter service and the merchandise we constructed,” learn a 2018 memo from Rob Johnson, who was the corporate’s developer platform lead on the time. “Unbiased builders constructed the primary Twitter shopper for Mac and the primary native app for iPhone. These purchasers pioneered product options everyone knows and love.” And in a 2010 blog post, Twitter stated individuals who used third-party purchasers have been “among the most energetic and frequent customers, noting that “a disproportionate quantity of the visitors from Twitter runs via such instruments.”

Regardless of the reward, the connection between Twitter and outdoors builders was often fraught. The corporate’s developer settlement has had an off-and-on rule barring alternative apps that competed with its official purchasers, and for years the corporate launched new options that it didn’t help in its API, that means that third-party purchasers couldn’t have them.

Earlier than Musk took over, nevertheless, the corporate seemed to be making amends. It clarified its rules with the categorical intent of creating issues simpler for third-party purchasers, began speaking extra, and its API v2 lastly gave developers access to features like polls and group DMs. In late 2021, Tapbots co-founder Paul Haddad instructed me, “the tempo of improvement and open-ness have been considerably improved in comparison with among the darker days.” And in 2022, he referred to as the corporate releasing a v2 model of its dwelling timeline API “a sign that they’re going to proceed to permit and even encourage various purchasers.”

It’s not simply third-party purchasers which have made the Twitter expertise higher. There are a number of different exterior instruments which have improved the expertise, equivalent to Thread Reader, Block Party or Twitlonger. (Traditionally, Twitter customers relied on a third-party software referred to as TwitPic to publish footage to the location earlier than that characteristic was built-in.) Most of these apps seem to nonetheless be working, however as we’ve seen, that would change at any time, and Twitter has the ability to forestall you from posting hyperlinks to them.

In fact, doing so would doubtless lead to large consumer backlash and would make the service worse. However based mostly on Twitter’s latest actions, that wouldn’t make it out of the query.

I’m not attempting to argue that Twitter has by no means give you options by itself, or picked up consumer recommendations by itself, as a result of it has. (The retweet, hashtag, and @ mention have been famously invented by customers, typically with the help of third-party apps, however Twitter carried out them successfully.) My level is that an ecosystem of third-party apps competing with one another and the official shopper goes to provide extra good concepts than a single firm might by itself. 

Elon Musk simply determined to throw all of that away. Twitter has abruptly lower itself off from that stream of concepts — the stream that produced its apps, a few of its hottest options, and far of its core id. Even when he backtracks, why would builders spend their finest concepts on an organization that’s burned them so badly?


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