Farm output shrinks in 2nd quarter

FRESH FISH are displayed on the Marikina public market, April 13. — PHILIPPINE STAR/ WALTER BOLLOZOS

AGRICULTURAL manufacturing continued to contract for a second straight quarter, primarily attributable to decrease crops and fisheries output, the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) stated on Monday.

PSA knowledge confirmed the worth of manufacturing in agriculture and fisheries at fixed 2018 costs declined 0.6% within the April to June interval, worsening from the 0.3% contraction within the first quarter.

Nonetheless, the tempo of contraction slowed from the -1.5% logged within the second quarter of 2021.

Performance of Philippine agriculture

At present costs, the worth of manufacturing in agriculture and fisheries jumped 6.2% yr on yr to P532.79 billion.

For the six-month interval, the worth of manufacturing in agriculture and fisheries at fixed 2018 costs registered a 0.4% decline.

“Crops and fisheries recorded contractions within the worth of manufacturing. In the meantime, expansions within the worth of livestock and poultry manufacturing had been famous within the second quarter of 2022,” the PSA stated in a report.

Crops, which make up about 55% of the sector’s total manufacturing, declined 2.8%, whereas fisheries output fell 2.3% within the second quarter.

However, livestock manufacturing rose 2.1%, and poultry expanded 7.8%.

Federation of Free Farmers Nationwide Supervisor Raul Q. Montemayor stated agricultural manufacturing has been declining since 2020.

“Crops and fisheries particularly have been faring poorly. Palay (unmilled rice) output worth and likewise quantity declined regardless of the billions poured into the sector. The one shiny facet has been livestock and poultry however they’re nonetheless in restoration mode and beneath 2020 ranges,” he stated in a Viber message.

Crop manufacturing noticed a 2.8% drop within the second quarter, regardless of a 0.7% improve in palay manufacturing, and three.3% rise in corn output. This was a reversal of the three.1% development in the identical interval in 2021.

For the first six months of 2022, the worth of crop manufacturing fell 2.2%.

Within the second quarter, increased worth of manufacturing was seen in mongo (6.4%), candy potato (4.0%), calamansi (2.3%), coconut (2.0%), bitter gourd or ampalaya (1.8%), and cacao (1.4%).

Cassava (0.9%), banana (0.4%), and eggplant (0.2%) manufacturing had been almost flat.

Sugarcane output plunged 53.8% within the second quarter, whereas decrease manufacturing was additionally seen for espresso (-7.1%), tomato (-6.3%), and mango (-3.8%).

United Sugar Producers Federation President Manuel R. Lamata stated that sugarcane manufacturing was affected by surging gas and fertilizer prices.

“The business is a heavy person of diesel to run the tractors and vehicles for hauling and irrigation,” he stated in a Viber message.

Mr. Lamata stated the price of fertilizer is now at P4,000 per sack, from P700 per sack earlier than the pandemic.

Oil costs have soared this yr amid tight world provide and the Russia-Ukraine warfare. As of Aug. 2, diesel costs have elevated by P32.35 per liter yr so far.

At present costs, the worth of crop manufacturing slipped by 0.1% to P265.98 billion from the earlier yr’s document.

Fisheries, which account for 15.8% of complete farm output, contracted by 2.3% within the April to June interval, worse than the 1.1% decline in the identical interval in 2021.

For the primary six months, the worth of fisheries manufacturing slumped by 3.9%.

The worth of fisheries manufacturing at present costs grew by 15.4% to P92.59 billion within the second quarter.

Double-digit growth was seen within the manufacturing of bigeye tuna (46.7%), squid or pusit (36.9%), fimbriated sardines or tunsoy (36.1%), yellowfin tuna (23.6%), seaweed (21.2%), grouper or lapu-lapu (20.8%), skipjack or gulyasan (18.8%), and big-eyed scad or matangbaka (13.8%).

There was additionally a double-digit decline in tiger prawn or sugpo (-30.8%), blue crab or alimasag (-28.5%), frigate tuna or tulingan (-21.8%), mudcrab or alimango (-20.9%), cavalla or talakitok (-16.6%), and milkfish or bangus (-15.5%).

Tugon Kabuhayan Convenor Asis G. Perez, a former director of the Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Sources, stated fisheries’ poor manufacturing was because of the lack of ample feed provide.

“In fisheries, I feel that’s attributable to the impact of our failure to have nutritious feeds. Even on the bottom, there are stories that rising fish has slowed within the absence of acceptable substances,” he stated in a digital briefing on Monday.

“We’ve heard stories so far as Mindanao saying that the fish they’re elevating will not be rising. The expansion of fish, notably in aquaculture, has seen some slowdown,” he added.

BRIGHT SPOTS
In the meantime, the poultry sector remained a shiny spot as manufacturing grew 7.8% within the April to June interval, higher than the two.5% growth within the second quarter of 2021. The worth of poultry manufacturing rose 10% within the first semester.

The second-quarter efficiency was attributed to increased manufacturing of duck eggs (11.5%), rooster eggs (10.5%), and rooster (6.9%), which offset the 7.5% drop in duck output.

“The info could also be deceptive because it was in comparison with the COVID-19 interval final yr,” United Broiler Raisers Affiliation President Elias Jose M. Inciong stated in a Viber message.

“Additionally, the expansion could also be non permanent because the business will modify to the arrival of imports which has seen a latest surge in arrivals and in frozen inventories. As such, any dialog about enhancing the numbers is futile,” he added.

In March, the Division of Agriculture suspended the motion of home and captured wild birds and poultry merchandise because of the avian influenza or chook flu outbreak.

At present costs, the worth of poultry hit P79.79 billion, or a rise of 13.8% from the earlier yr.

Livestock manufacturing expanded 2.1% within the second quarter, a turnaround from the 19.3% drop in the identical interval in 2021. This helped convey first-half manufacturing 0.6% increased.

The sector’s development was attributed to dairy (22.2%) and hog (3.0%), which offset the decrease manufacturing of goat (6.7%) and carabao (3.9%).

The worth of livestock manufacturing at present costs jumped 10.7% at P94.43 billion.

Mr. Montemayor stated the Agriculture division should re-evaluate its present applications and insurance policies.

“We may blame the COVID-19 pandemic, excessive fertilizer and gas costs, however we additionally have to completely consider the federal government’s applications and techniques to see if they’re working and price efficient,” he added.

Feedmix Specialist II, Inc. Vice-President Norberto O. Chingcuanco stated the fisheries sector may rebound if feed substances could be imported on time.

“It’s not but over however we are able to begin to plan dashing within the wanted substances and catch up. We have to catch as much as make up for losses by the subsequent season,” he stated in a digital briefing.

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