Charting Mary Queen of Scots’ final week in Scotland earlier than the Battle of Langside

454 years in the past, on Could 13, 1568, essentially the most vital battle in Glasgow’s historical past passed off in Langside.

After a devastating defeat, Mary Queen of Scots fled south – the place she hid in varied components of England earlier than finally being beheaded virtually ten years later.

In actual fact, the Battle of Langside was the final time she spent within the north.

Six months earlier than Mary was bested on the web site of contemporary day Queen’s Park, the Parliament of Scotland handed an act which dethroned her. She had supposedly signed and sealed a letter handing over the crown and “regiment of the realm of Scotland” to her toddler son, James VI.

She was imprisoned in Loch Leven Fort, whereas her half-brother the Earl of Moray was appointed Regent on behalf of his nephew. It got here to gentle that her abdication had been extorted from her, underneath threats of dying.

The Battle of Langfield memorial pictured in 1951 (Image: Mirrorpix)
The Battle of Langfield memorial pictured in 1951 (Picture: Mirrorpix)

An act was then handed which declared Moray to have dedicated treason in his strategy of turning into Regent. She escaped From Loch Leven Fort in early Could and gathered a bunch of supporters, and hoped to retire to Dumbarton Fort – hoping to keep away from battle, however simply eleven days later the Battle of Langside started.

After her escape she went to Niddrie in Edinburgh, earlier than transferring west to Hamilton.

She ought to have spent her final time in Scotland, on the sting of the River Clyde. Although Mary and her supporters marched, heading via was then often called Langside, on their method to Dumbarton.

Moray, conscious of enemy actions, drew up a military on the moor near the village of Langside – which on the time was a number of miles south of Glasgow, although right this moment is properly inside the metropolis limits. The Regent deployed his males all through the village – and by the point this was full the Queen’s vanguard superior via.

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In accordance with Historic Atmosphere Scotland, Mary’s males had been doomed from the start. They wrote in an outline of the battle revealed in 2012: “Mary’s forces seem to have underestimated each the energy of Moray’s military, and the benefit of his place, once they started their assault.

“Mary’s military was commanded by the Earl of Argyll, a person of little army expertise.”

By the point the Battle of Langside was over, it is thought that 300 troopers had been killed. Instantly after her loss, Mary fled to England the place she was successfully held underneath home arrest by her cousin, Elizabeth I.

Over the following 5 years, Mary’s remaining supporters in Scotland fought within the Marian civil conflict – a interval of battle between those that dominated in favour of Mary’s son.

After being implicated in alleged plots in opposition to the English Queen, Mary was beheaded 9 years after the battle on Could 8, 1587.

And there’s a native legend that you may see the ghosts of troopers combating it out on today, on the battlefield close to Queen’s Park pond – so take care should you’re visiting the south side tonight …


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